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Open AccessArticle

Palliative Care Professionals’ Inner Lives: Cross-Cultural Application of the Awareness Model of Self-Care

1
Department of Methodology for the Behavioral Sciences, University of Valencia, 46010 València, Spain
2
Pallium Latinoamérica Institute, Buenos Aires 1264, Argentina
3
PostDoc Position in Post-Graduate Program in Social Work, School of Humanities, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul., Porto Alegre 90619-900, Brazil
4
Department of Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Balearic Islands, 07122 Palma, Spain
5
Balearic Islands Health Research Institute (IDISBA), 07120 Palma, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2021, 9(1), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010081
Received: 27 November 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 12 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health and Safety in the Healthcare Sector)
Compassionate professional qualities traditionally have not received the most attention in either critical or end of life care. Constant exposure to death, time pressure and workload, inadequate coping with personal emotions, grieving, and depression urge the development of an inner curricula of competences to promote professional quality of life and compassionate care. The COVID-19 pandemic highlights the universality of these problems and the need to equip ourselves with rigorously validated measurement and monitoring approaches that allow for unbiased comparisons. The main objective of this study was to offer evidence on the generalizability of the awareness model of self-care across three care systems under particular idiosyncrasy. Regarding the sample, 817 palliative care professionals from Spain, Argentina, and Brazil participated in this cross-sectional study using a multigroup structural equation modeling strategy. The measures showed good reliability in the three countries. When testing the multigroup model against the configural and constrained models, the assumptions were fulfilled, and only two relationships of the model revealed differences among contexts. The hypotheses posited by the awareness model of self-care were supported and a similar predictive power on the professional quality of life dimensions was found. Self-care, awareness, and coping with death were competences that remained outstanding no matter the country, resulting in optimism about the possibility of acting with more integrative approaches and campaigns by international policy-makers with the consensus of world healthcare organizations. View Full-Text
Keywords: compassionate care; compassion satisfaction; compassion fatigue; cross-cultural comparison compassionate care; compassion satisfaction; compassion fatigue; cross-cultural comparison
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oliver, A.; Galiana, L.; Simone, G.d.; Tomás, J.M.; Arena, F.; Linzitto, J.; Grance, G.; Sansó, N. Palliative Care Professionals’ Inner Lives: Cross-Cultural Application of the Awareness Model of Self-Care. Healthcare 2021, 9, 81. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010081

AMA Style

Oliver A, Galiana L, Simone Gd, Tomás JM, Arena F, Linzitto J, Grance G, Sansó N. Palliative Care Professionals’ Inner Lives: Cross-Cultural Application of the Awareness Model of Self-Care. Healthcare. 2021; 9(1):81. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010081

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oliver, Amparo; Galiana, Laura; Simone, Gustavo de; Tomás, José M.; Arena, Fernanda; Linzitto, Juan; Grance, Gladys; Sansó, Noemí. 2021. "Palliative Care Professionals’ Inner Lives: Cross-Cultural Application of the Awareness Model of Self-Care" Healthcare 9, no. 1: 81. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010081

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