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Open AccessReview

Play Therapy as an Intervention in Hospitalized Children: A Systematic Review

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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Avenida Ilustración 60, 18016 Granada, Spain
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San Cecilio University Hospital, Andalusian Health Service, Avenida de la Ilustración s/n, 18016 Granada, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, Cortadura del Valle s/n, 51001 Ceuta, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology, University of Granada, Campus Universitario de Cartuja s/n, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Ceuta University Hospital, National Institute of Health Management, Loma Colmenar s/n, 51003 Ceuta, Spain
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Andalusian Health Care, Avenida del Sur 11, 18014 Granada, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(3), 239; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030239
Received: 25 June 2020 / Revised: 24 July 2020 / Accepted: 28 July 2020 / Published: 29 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nursing)
Background: Hospitalization disrupts children’s lives and can produce feelings such as anxiety, fear, or pain. Playing is an important part of children’s lives. Thus, it is necessary to ensure holistic care during the process, including play therapy. The aim of this study was to analyze the effect of therapeutic play in hospitalized children. Methods: A systematic review was performed. The search was conducted in CINAHL (Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature), CUIDEN, and PubMed (Medline). The search equation was “pediatric nurs* AND play therapy”. The search was performed in March 2020. Results: n = 14 studies were included in the review. The studies reveal that the application of therapeutic play in hospitalized children decreases postoperative pain, improves behavior and attitude, and reduces anxiety during the hospital stay. Conclusions: play therapy has a beneficial impact on the care of hospitalized children and should be implemented in pediatric units after assessing the resources and training needed for pediatric nurses. View Full-Text
Keywords: game; hospitalization; nursing; pediatrics; therapeutic play game; hospitalization; nursing; pediatrics; therapeutic play
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MDPI and ACS Style

Godino-Iáñez, M.J.; Martos-Cabrera, M.B.; Suleiman-Martos, N.; Gómez-Urquiza, J.L.; Vargas-Román, K.; Membrive-Jiménez, M.J.; Albendín-García, L. Play Therapy as an Intervention in Hospitalized Children: A Systematic Review. Healthcare 2020, 8, 239. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030239

AMA Style

Godino-Iáñez MJ, Martos-Cabrera MB, Suleiman-Martos N, Gómez-Urquiza JL, Vargas-Román K, Membrive-Jiménez MJ, Albendín-García L. Play Therapy as an Intervention in Hospitalized Children: A Systematic Review. Healthcare. 2020; 8(3):239. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030239

Chicago/Turabian Style

Godino-Iáñez, María J.; Martos-Cabrera, María B.; Suleiman-Martos, Nora; Gómez-Urquiza, José L.; Vargas-Román, Keyla; Membrive-Jiménez, María J.; Albendín-García, Luis. 2020. "Play Therapy as an Intervention in Hospitalized Children: A Systematic Review" Healthcare 8, no. 3: 239. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8030239

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