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Article

Effect of Anxiety on Empathy: An Observational Study Among Nurses

1
Consejo General de Enfermería, Calle Fuente del Rey, 2, 28023 Madrid, Spain
2
Faculty of Communication and Art, University of Nebrija, Calle Hostal, s/n, 28240 Madrid, Spain
3
Faculty of Health Sciences, Alfonso X el Sabio University, Avda Universidad, 1, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28691 Madrid, Spain
4
Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Alfonso X el Sabio University, Avda Universidad, 1, Villanueva de la Cañada, 28691 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Social Work, Universidad Nacional a Distancia, Calle Obispo Trejo, 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contributors.
Healthcare 2020, 8(2), 140; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8020140
Received: 20 April 2020 / Revised: 13 May 2020 / Accepted: 19 May 2020 / Published: 21 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nursing)
Empathy, defined as an emotional ability to put oneself in the place of others, read their state of mind, and think how they are feeling, is an essential pillar of nursing care. On the other hand, anxiety is a frequent emotion that can be generated in stressful work environments, like nurses developing their activity. The aim of the present study is to explore the value of empathy and anxiety personal traits in staff nurses. The sample was comprised of 197 staff nurses from tertiary level hospitals from Madrid, Spain, where 79.2% were women and 20.8% were men in the present study. The instrument used for analysis was the Spanish adaptation of the 16PF5 questionnaire. The results showed the following measurements to warmth (5.58), lively (5.25), socially bold (5.6), privacy (5.82), open to change (5.62), self-reliance (6.12), and anxiety (6.38). Furthermore, anxiety affects positively to warmth (t: 2.66; p > 0.0001) and lively (t = 2.36; p < 0.05), but in a negative way to social bold (t = −3.17; p < 0.001) or open to change (t = −5.81; p < 0.0001). However, it was not seen to have any effect over privacy (t = 1.96; p = 0.052) and self-reliance (t = 1.19; p = 0.234). Finally, it is recommended that healthcare professionals reinforce their personal competencies to strengthen their skills to manage anxiety and improve their empathy competencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: anxiety; empathy; nursing; personality; 16PF5 questionnaire anxiety; empathy; nursing; personality; 16PF5 questionnaire
MDPI and ACS Style

Ayuso-Murillo, D.; Colomer-Sánchez, A.; Santiago-Magdalena, C.R.; Lendínez-Mesa, A.; Benítez De Gracia, E.; López-Peláez, A.; Herrera-Peco, I. Effect of Anxiety on Empathy: An Observational Study Among Nurses. Healthcare 2020, 8, 140. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8020140

AMA Style

Ayuso-Murillo D, Colomer-Sánchez A, Santiago-Magdalena CR, Lendínez-Mesa A, Benítez De Gracia E, López-Peláez A, Herrera-Peco I. Effect of Anxiety on Empathy: An Observational Study Among Nurses. Healthcare. 2020; 8(2):140. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8020140

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ayuso-Murillo, Diego, Ana Colomer-Sánchez, Carlos R. Santiago-Magdalena, Alejandro Lendínez-Mesa, Elvira Benítez De Gracia, Antonio López-Peláez, and Iván Herrera-Peco. 2020. "Effect of Anxiety on Empathy: An Observational Study Among Nurses" Healthcare 8, no. 2: 140. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8020140

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