Next Article in Journal
“Nomen Omen”: Exploring Connected Healthcare through the Perspective of Name Omen
Previous Article in Journal
Effective Risk Communication for Public Health Emergency: Reflection on the COVID-19 (2019-nCoV) Outbreak in Wuhan, China
Open AccessArticle

Health Disparities and Cardiovascular Disease

College of Liberal Arts & Sciences, University of North Carolina Charlotte, Charlotte, NC 28223, USA
Mario J. Gabelli School of Business, Roger Williams University, Bristol, RI 02809, USA
Health Administration, Texas State University, San Marcos, TX 78666, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(1), 65;
Received: 10 February 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 16 March 2020 / Published: 22 March 2020
The number one leading cause of death in 2017 for Americans was cardiovascular disease (CVD), and health disparities can exacerbate risks. This study evaluates the 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) (n = 437,436) to estimate population risks for behavioral, socio-economic, psychological, and biological factors. A general linear model with a quasi-binomial link function indicated higher risks for the following groups: smokers (odds ratio, OR = 0.688), individuals with higher body mass index scores (OR = 1.023), persons unable to work (OR = 2.683), individuals with depression (OR = 1.505), workers who missed more days due to mental issues (OR = 1.12), the elderly, males (OR = 1.954), those in race categories “indigenous Americans, Alaskan non-Hispanics”, “Black Hispanics,” or “other, non-Hispanic,” and individuals with lower income. Surprisingly, increased consumption of alcohol was not found to be a risk factor as in other studies. Additional study of alcohol risk factors is needed. Further, Black non-Hispanics were associated with lower rates of CVD/MI (myocardial infarction), a finding that is supported by recent evidence of more unhealthy behaviors in other races. The results of this study highlight 2018 CVD/MI disparities based on the BRFSS and suggest the need for additional policy interventions including education and providing increased access to health care for the disadvantaged. The principles of beneficence and justice require policy interventions such as these. View Full-Text
Keywords: cardiovascular disease; smoking; drinking; underserved; health disparities cardiovascular disease; smoking; drinking; underserved; health disparities
MDPI and ACS Style

Niakouei, A.; Tehrani, M.; Fulton, L. Health Disparities and Cardiovascular Disease. Healthcare 2020, 8, 65.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Search more from Scilit
Back to TopTop