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Open AccessArticle

Knowledge, Perceptions and Concerns of Diabetes -Associated Complications Among Individuals Living with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1
Regenerative Medicine Institute, Biomedical Science Building, National University of Ireland, Galway H91 W2TY, Ireland
2
Diabetes Center, University Hospital Galway, Saolta University Health Care Group, Galway H91 YR71, Ireland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2020, 8(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8010025
Received: 13 December 2019 / Revised: 14 January 2020 / Accepted: 23 January 2020 / Published: 30 January 2020
The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge, perceptions and concerns of individuals living with diabetes mellitus regarding the disorder and its associated long-term health complications. Individuals living with type 1 (N = 110) and type 2 (N = 100) diabetes were surveyed at the Diabetes Centre at University Hospital Galway (Ireland). A questionnaire was used to record respondent’s perceptions and concerns about living with diabetes and developing associated long-term health complications, especially diabetes-induced osteopathy. Participants’ responses revealed a variety of perspectives. Individuals with type 1 diabetes had a deeper understanding of the aetiology of diabetes and were more concerned about its complications than individuals with type 2 diabetes. The most recognized complications identified by the participants were retinopathy (92% type 1; 83% type 2), amputations (80% type 1; 70% type 2) and nephropathy (83% type 1; 63% type 2). Diabetes-related osteopathy was under-recognized, with 37% (type 1) and 23% (type 2) of respondents identifying bone fractures as a diabetes-related complication. Enhancing the patient awareness of this under-recognized diabetes-associated complication and ensuring that preventative measures are incorporated within health care programmes may offer methodologies to address this complication clinically.
Keywords: type 1 diabetes; type 2 diabetes; diabetes complications type 1 diabetes; type 2 diabetes; diabetes complications
MDPI and ACS Style

Sanz-Nogués, C.; Mustafa, M.; Burke, H.; O'Brien, T.; Coleman, C.M. Knowledge, Perceptions and Concerns of Diabetes -Associated Complications Among Individuals Living with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Healthcare 2020, 8, 25.

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