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The Effect of Preoperative Education on Psychological, Clinical and Economic Outcomes in Elective Spinal Surgery: A Systematic Review

Orthopaedic Research Institute, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, Dorset BH8 8EB, UK
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Healthcare 2019, 7(1), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7010048
Received: 21 January 2019 / Revised: 18 March 2019 / Accepted: 19 March 2019 / Published: 21 March 2019
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Abstract

Psychosocial factors related to different degrees of clinical impairment and quality of life in the preoperative period may influence outcomes from elective spine surgery. Patients have expressed a need for individualized information given in sufficient quantities and at the appropriate time. Therefore, this review article aims to determine whether a preoperative education session improves clinical, psychological and economic outcomes in elective spinal surgery. PubMed, Cochrane Library, CINAHL Complete, Medline Complete and PsychINFO were searched in July 2018 for randomized clinical trials to evaluate the effects of a preoperative education intervention on psychological, clinical and economic outcomes in spinal surgery. The search yielded 78 results, of which eleven papers (seven studies) were relevant for inclusion. From these results, there is limited, fair-quality evidence that supports the inclusion of a preoperative education session for improving clinical (pain, function and disability), economic (quality-adjusted life years, healthcare expenditure, direct and indirect costs) and psychological outcomes (anxiety, depression and fear-avoidance beliefs) from spinal surgery. Other benefits are reported to be improved patient knowledge, feelings of better preparation, reduced negative thinking and increased levels of physical activity after the intervention. No differences in quality of life, return to work, physical indicators or postoperative complications were reported. From the limited evidence, it is not possible to conclusively recommend that preoperative education should be delivered as a standalone intervention before elective spine surgery; however, given the low risk profile and promising benefits, future research in this area is warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: preoperative education; patient education; spine surgery; enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS); fast-track preoperative education; patient education; spine surgery; enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS); fast-track
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Burgess, L.C.; Arundel, J.; Wainwright, T.W. The Effect of Preoperative Education on Psychological, Clinical and Economic Outcomes in Elective Spinal Surgery: A Systematic Review. Healthcare 2019, 7, 48.

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