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Healthcare 2016, 4(2), 27;

Surface Electromyographic (SEMG) Biofeedback for Chronic Low Back Pain

Productive Rehabilitation Institute of Dallas for Ergonomics (PRIDE) Research Foundation, 5701 Maple Ave. #100, Dallas, TX 75235, USA
Academic Editors: Robert J. Gatchel and Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 8 February 2016 / Revised: 11 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 May 2016 / Published: 17 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain: Recent Advances And Perspectives)
PDF [186 KB, uploaded 17 May 2016]


Biofeedback is a process in which biological information is measured and fed back to a patient and clinician for the purpose of gaining increased awareness and control over physiological domains. Surface electromyography (SEMG), a measure of muscle activity, allows both a patient and clinician to have direct and immediate access to muscle functioning that is not possible with manual palpation or visual observation. SEMG biofeedback can be used to help “down-train” elevated muscle activity or to “up-train” weak, inhibited, or paretic muscles. This article presents a historical and clinical overview of SEMG and its use in chronic low back pain assessment and biofeedback training. View Full-Text
Keywords: surface electromyography (SEMG); biofeedback; flexion-relaxation; chronic low back pain (CLBP) surface electromyography (SEMG); biofeedback; flexion-relaxation; chronic low back pain (CLBP)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Neblett, R. Surface Electromyographic (SEMG) Biofeedback for Chronic Low Back Pain. Healthcare 2016, 4, 27.

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