Next Article in Journal
The Activities and Impact of State Programs to Address Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer, 2011–2014
Previous Article in Journal
Spiritual Pain in Meals on Wheels’ Clients
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

From Their Voices: Barriers to HIV Testing among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men Remain

School of Social Work, California State University, 1250 Bellflower Blvd, Long Beach, CA 90840, USA
Center for Health Equity Research, California State University, Long Beach (CSULB), CA 90840, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Healthcare 2015, 3(4), 933-947;
Received: 29 July 2015 / Revised: 19 September 2015 / Accepted: 24 September 2015 / Published: 12 October 2015
PDF [138 KB, uploaded 12 October 2015]


Background: HIV testing continues to be a major priority for addressing the epidemic among young Black men who have sex with men (BMSM). Methods: This study explored barriers to HIV testing uptake, and recommendations for motivating HIV testing uptake among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) aged 18 to 30. BMSM (N = 36) were recruited through flyers and social media for six focus groups. Results: From the perspectives and experiences of young BMSM, participants recommended that information be included in HIV testing messages that would help young BMSM do self HIV-risk appraisals. Particularly, participants recommended that more knowledge about Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) and the role of PrEP in safer-sex practices be provided. This information is important to help those untested, or who infrequently test, better understand their risk and need for testing. Likewise, participants recommended that more information about a person being undetectable and the risk of condomless sex with an HIV negative sex partner; this information will be helpful for both the HIV negative and HIV positive sex partner for making safer sex decisions. Participants also recommended that interventions should focus on more than drug use as risk; the risk posed by the use of alcohol before and during sex deserves attention among young BMSM. Conclusions: These findings may inform new HIV testing interventions being tailored for young BMSM. The interventions should also consider revisiting street-based peer-outreach approaches for those young BMSM with limited access to social media campaigns due to limited access or infrequent use of social media. View Full-Text
Keywords: HIV testing; social media; men’s health; health disparities; HIV; MSM HIV testing; social media; men’s health; health disparities; HIV; MSM
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Washington, T.A.; D’Anna, L.; Meyer-Adams, N.; Malotte, C.K. From Their Voices: Barriers to HIV Testing among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men Remain. Healthcare 2015, 3, 933-947.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top