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Open AccessOpinion

The Concept of Missing Incidents in Persons with Dementia

College of Nursing, University of South Florida, 12901 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Department of Psychology, Xavier University, Cincinnati, OH 45206, USA
School of Aging Studies, College of Behavioral and Community Sciences, University of South Florida, 13301 Bruce B. Downs Blvd., Tampa, FL 33612-3899, USA
VISN 8 Patient Safety Center of Inquiry, James A. Haley Veterans Hospital, 8900 Grand Oak Circle, Tampa, FL 33637, USA
Department of Health, 315 Sturzebecker Health Sciences Center, West Chester University of Pennsylvania, West Chester, PA 19383, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Tracey L. Yap and Melissa Batchelor-Murphy
Healthcare 2015, 3(4), 1121-1132;
Received: 26 June 2015 / Revised: 16 October 2015 / Accepted: 16 October 2015 / Published: 10 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Care of the Older Adult)
Behavioral symptoms of dementia often present the greatest challenge for informal caregivers. One behavior, that is a constant concern for caregivers, is the person with dementia leaving a designated area such that their whereabouts become unknown to the caregiver or a missing incident. Based on an extensive literature review and published findings of their own research, members of the International Consortium on Wandering and Missing Incidents constructed a preliminary missing incidents model. Examining the evidence base, specific factors within each category of the model were further described, reviewed and modified until consensus was reached regarding the final model. The model begins to explain in particular the variety of antecedents that are related to missing incidents. The model presented in this paper is designed to be heuristic and may be used to stimulate discussion and the development of effective preventative and response strategies for missing incidents among persons with dementia. View Full-Text
Keywords: dementia; missing; wandering; lost; behavioral symptoms of dementia dementia; missing; wandering; lost; behavioral symptoms of dementia
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Rowe, M.; Houston, A.; Molinari, V.; Bulat, T.; Bowen, M.E.; Spring, H.; Mutolo, S.; McKenzie, B. The Concept of Missing Incidents in Persons with Dementia. Healthcare 2015, 3, 1121-1132.

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