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Healthcare 2015, 3(2), 417-428;

Pressure Ulcer in Norway—A Snapshot of Pressure Ulcer Occurrence across Various Care Sites and Recommendations for Improved Preventive Care

1,* , 1,†
Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Buskerud and Vestfold University College, Grønland 58, Drammen 3045, Norway
School of Nursing and Midwifery, Royal College of Surgeons, 123 St Stephen's Green, Dublin 2, Ireland
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard H. Beinecke
Received: 29 April 2015 / Revised: 24 May 2015 / Accepted: 25 May 2015 / Published: 9 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wound Care)
Full-Text   |   PDF [93 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]


Pressure ulcers (PU) are common in all care settings, although most ulcers are preventable. Much evidence exists on Hospital Acquired Pressure Ulcers (HAPU), however, few studies describe PU in community care. From a Norwegian perspective, little is known about pressure ulcer prevalence and prevention strategies across the variety of healthcare sectors. Therefore, this study explored PU prevalence and preventive care in home care, nursing homes and hospitals. Seventeen postgraduate wound care students collected data. A data collection instrument by Jordan O’Brien and Cowman was used together with an online forum in which students described how to improve practice to reduce PU incidence. This study showed that pressure ulcers are a problem across all care settings in Norway; however, nursing homes had the highest proportion of at risk patients and the highest prevalence. By implementing the care bundle provided by the Patient Safety Programme across all care settings, increasing staff competency and make sure that access to appropriate equipment for beds and chairs is readily available, a structured and evidence based approach to prevention could be ensured. View Full-Text
Keywords: pressure ulcer; prevalence; prevention; Norway pressure ulcer; prevalence; prevention; Norway
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Johansen, E.; Bakken, L.N.; Moore, Z. Pressure Ulcer in Norway—A Snapshot of Pressure Ulcer Occurrence across Various Care Sites and Recommendations for Improved Preventive Care. Healthcare 2015, 3, 417-428.

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