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Systematic Review

Symptoms of Burnout Syndrome among Physicians during the Outbreak of COVID-19 Pandemic—A Systematic Literature Review

1
Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iasi, 700554 Iasi, Romania
2
Behavioral Sciences Department, “Grigore T. Popa” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, 700115 Iasi, Romania
3
Dentistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oradea, 410073 Oradea, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Roberta Ferrucci
Healthcare 2022, 10(6), 979; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10060979
Received: 5 April 2022 / Revised: 20 May 2022 / Accepted: 21 May 2022 / Published: 25 May 2022
Background: Studies in the recent decades show that the medical profession has a high risk to develop burnout due to constant exposure to mental and physical suffering or death. The pandemic period induced additional stress for healthcare professionals due to the likelihood of a high rate of infection, long working shifts, using protective equipment, staying away from family, implementing new medical procedures. The present study is focusing on assessing the prevalence of burnout among physicians working in the healthcare system during the COVID-19 pandemic, and discovering the main factors associated with burnout syndrome among the population of physicians. Material and methods: A systematic review was conducted by searching PubMed, Wiley, and Google Scholar in November 2021. A total of 35 studies were eligible for the evaluation. Results: The samples ranged from 39 to 3071 physicians, and the overall burnout ranged from 14.7% to 90.4%. Sociodemographic characteristics associated with a high prevalence of burnout were the female gender, less experienced, not having children, and single marital status, associated with high levels of anxiety, depression, and stress in the female gender. The highest level of burnout among all the studies was 90.4% on a sample of physicians from the Republic of Korea, 80.2% among psychiatrists in Saudi Arabia, followed by a study in Ireland with a 77% level of burnout among senior and specialist physicians, and 74.7% prevalence of burnout for emergency physicians in USA. Conclusions: During the pandemic, the factors that contribute to burnout are the lack of personal protective equipment and the violence of issues related to organizational health; the high prevalence of burnout symptoms is associated with anxiety, depression, and stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: physician; burnout; COVID-19; healthcare; pandemic; stress; medical profession physician; burnout; COVID-19; healthcare; pandemic; stress; medical profession
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MDPI and ACS Style

Claponea, R.M.; Pop, L.M.; Iorga, M.; Iurcov, R. Symptoms of Burnout Syndrome among Physicians during the Outbreak of COVID-19 Pandemic—A Systematic Literature Review. Healthcare 2022, 10, 979. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10060979

AMA Style

Claponea RM, Pop LM, Iorga M, Iurcov R. Symptoms of Burnout Syndrome among Physicians during the Outbreak of COVID-19 Pandemic—A Systematic Literature Review. Healthcare. 2022; 10(6):979. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10060979

Chicago/Turabian Style

Claponea, Roxana Mihaela, Lavinia Maria Pop, Magdalena Iorga, and Raluca Iurcov. 2022. "Symptoms of Burnout Syndrome among Physicians during the Outbreak of COVID-19 Pandemic—A Systematic Literature Review" Healthcare 10, no. 6: 979. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10060979

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