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Article

Association between Perceived Trusted of COVID-19 Information Sources and Mental Health during the Early Stage of the Pandemic in Bangladesh

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Environment and Sustainability Research Initiative, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
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Environmental Science Discipline, Life Science School, Khulna University, Khulna 9208, Bangladesh
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Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA
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Environmental Technology and Engineering, Ghent University, 9000 Ghent, Belgium
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Department of Civil Engineering, Ottawa-Carleton Institute for Environmental Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
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Institute of Disaster Management, Khulna University of Engineering & Technology, Khulna 9203, Bangladesh
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Department of Global Health Policy, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
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Centre for Urban Transitions, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne 3122, Australia
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Ministry of Health, Safat 13001, Kuwait
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Manoj Sharma and Kavita Batra
Healthcare 2022, 10(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010024
Received: 2 November 2021 / Revised: 18 December 2021 / Accepted: 20 December 2021 / Published: 24 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection COVID-19: Impact on Public Health and Healthcare)
Unverified information concerning COVID-19 can affect mental health. Understanding perceived trust in information sources and associated mental health outcomes during the COVID-19 pandemic is vital to ensure ongoing media coverage of the crisis does not exacerbate mental health impacts. A number of studies have been conducted in other parts of the world to determine associations between information exposure relating to COVID-19 and mental health. However, the mechanism by which trust in information sources may affect mental health is not fully explained in the developing country context. To address this issue, the present study examined associations between perceived trust in three sources of information concerning COVID-19 and anxiety/stress with the mediating effects of COVID-19 stress in Bangladesh. An online cross-sectional study was conducted with 744 Bangladeshi adults between 17 April and 1 May 2020. Perceived trust in traditional, social, and health media for COVID-19 information, demographics, frontline service status, COVID-19-related stressors, anxiety (GAD-7), and stress (PSS-4) were assessed via self-report. Linear regression tested for associations between perceived trust and mental health. Mediation analyses investigated whether COVID-19-related stressors affected perceived trust and mental health associations. In fully adjusted models, more trust in social media was associated with more anxiety (B = 0.03, CI = 0.27–0.97) and stress (B = 0.01, CI = −0.34–0.47), while more trust in traditional media was associated with more anxiety (B = 0.09, CI = 0.17–2.26) but less stress (B = −0.08, CI = −0.89–0.03). Mediation analyses showed that COVID-19-related stressors partially explained associations between perceived trust and anxiety. These findings suggest that trusting social media to provide accurate COVID-19 information may exacerbate poor mental health. These findings also indicate that trusting traditional media (i.e., television, radio, and the newspaper) may have stress-buffering effects. We recommend that responsible authorities call attention to concerns about the trustworthiness of social media as well as broadcast positive and authentic news in traditional media outcomes based on these results. View Full-Text
Keywords: information source trust; coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2; mental health; COVID-19 stressor; global south information source trust; coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2; mental health; COVID-19 stressor; global south
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MDPI and ACS Style

Patwary, M.M.; Bardhan, M.; Browning, M.H.E.M.; Disha, A.S.; Haque, M.Z.; Billah, S.M.; Kabir, M.P.; Hossain, M.R.; Alam, M.A.; Shuvo, F.K.; Salman, A. Association between Perceived Trusted of COVID-19 Information Sources and Mental Health during the Early Stage of the Pandemic in Bangladesh. Healthcare 2022, 10, 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010024

AMA Style

Patwary MM, Bardhan M, Browning MHEM, Disha AS, Haque MZ, Billah SM, Kabir MP, Hossain MR, Alam MA, Shuvo FK, Salman A. Association between Perceived Trusted of COVID-19 Information Sources and Mental Health during the Early Stage of the Pandemic in Bangladesh. Healthcare. 2022; 10(1):24. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010024

Chicago/Turabian Style

Patwary, Muhammad M., Mondira Bardhan, Matthew H.E.M. Browning, Asma S. Disha, Md. Z. Haque, Sharif M. Billah, Md. P. Kabir, Md. R. Hossain, Md. A. Alam, Faysal K. Shuvo, and Ahmad Salman. 2022. "Association between Perceived Trusted of COVID-19 Information Sources and Mental Health during the Early Stage of the Pandemic in Bangladesh" Healthcare 10, no. 1: 24. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10010024

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