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Open AccessArticle

Classification of Complex Fuzzy Numbers and Fuzzy Inner Products

Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Sejong University, Seoul 147-747, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Mathematics 2020, 8(9), 1626; https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091626
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 10 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 September 2020 / Published: 20 September 2020
The paper is concerned with complex fuzzy numbers and complex fuzzy inner product spaces. In the classical complex number set, a complex number can be expressed using the Cartesian form or polar form. Both expressions are needed because one expression is better than the other depending on the situation. Likewise, the Cartesian form and the polar form can be defined in a complex fuzzy number set. First, the complex fuzzy numbers (CFNs) are categorized into two types, the polar form and the Cartesian form, as type I and type II. The properties of the complex fuzzy number set of those two expressions are discussed, and how the expressions can be used practically is shown through an example. Second, we study the complex fuzzy inner product structure in each category and find the non-existence of an inner product on CFNs of type I. Several properties of the fuzzy inner product space for type II are proposed from the modulus that is newly defined. Specfically, the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality for type II is proven in a compact way, not only the one for fuzzy real numbers. In fact, it was already discussed by Hasanhani et al; however, they proved every case in a very complicated way. In this paper, we prove the Cauchy-Schwartz inequality in a much simpler way from a general point of view. Finally, we introduce a complex fuzzy scalar product for the generalization of a complex fuzzy inner product and propose to study the condition for its existence on CFNs of type I. View Full-Text
Keywords: complex fuzzy numbers; modulus; inner product; scalar product; complex fuzzy inner product space complex fuzzy numbers; modulus; inner product; scalar product; complex fuzzy inner product space
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yoon, J.H.; Byun, T.; Lee, J.E.; Lee, K.Y. Classification of Complex Fuzzy Numbers and Fuzzy Inner Products. Mathematics 2020, 8, 1626. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091626

AMA Style

Yoon JH, Byun T, Lee JE, Lee KY. Classification of Complex Fuzzy Numbers and Fuzzy Inner Products. Mathematics. 2020; 8(9):1626. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yoon, Jin H.; Byun, Taechang; Lee, Ji E.; Lee, Keun Y. 2020. "Classification of Complex Fuzzy Numbers and Fuzzy Inner Products" Mathematics 8, no. 9: 1626. https://doi.org/10.3390/math8091626

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