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Discovering Systemic Risks of China's Listed Banks by CoVaR Approach in the Digital Economy Era

by Huichen Jiang 1,2,3,* and Jun Zhang 1
1
Chinese Academy of Engineering Frontier Strategy, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
2
School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
3
School of Economics and Management, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Mathematics 2020, 8(2), 180; https://doi.org/10.3390/math8020180
Received: 3 January 2020 / Revised: 24 January 2020 / Accepted: 25 January 2020 / Published: 2 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Financial Mathematics)
The world has entered the digital economy era. As a developing country, China's banking industry plays an important role in the financial industry, and its size ranks first in the world. Therefore, it is of great significance to study the systemic risks of China's banks in the digital economy era. We first compare the traditional indicator approach and the market-based approach theoretically, and Conditional Value at Risk (CoVaR) model, a market-based approach, is considered to be an efficient way to discover systemic risk in different perspectives. Based on static and dynamic models, we evaluate the contributions of sixteen China's listed banks to the systemic risk. Furthermore, we model bank exposures, extend the models by considering extreme circumstance, and incorporate the effects of Fintech and non-bank financial institutions. The results show the levels of systemic risks and the corresponding systemic importance rankings vary in different time periods. We find that the contributions of some small banks to systemic risk are even higher than some big banks during the sample period. Moreover, the big banks face less risks than most of the small banks when the banking system is in distress. We make suggestions for improving financial supervision and maintaining financial stability.
Keywords: bank; financial stability; systemic risk; CoVaR; systemically important banks; Fintech; digital economy era. bank; financial stability; systemic risk; CoVaR; systemically important banks; Fintech; digital economy era.
MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, H.; Zhang, J. Discovering Systemic Risks of China's Listed Banks by CoVaR Approach in the Digital Economy Era. Mathematics 2020, 8, 180.

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