is one of the deadliest human pathogen of the tuberculosis diseases. Drug resistance leads to emergence of multidrug-resistant and extremely drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis
. Apart from principal targets of resistance, many explanations have been proposed for drug resistance but some resistance mechanisms are still unknown. Recently approved line probe assay (LPA) diagnostics for detecting the resistance to first and second line drugs are unable to diagnose the drug resistance in M. tuberculosis
isolates which do not have the mutations in particular genes responsible for resistance. Proteomics and bioinformatic tools emerged as direct approaches for identification and characterization of novel proteins which are directly and indirectly involved in drug resistance that could be used as potential targets in future. In future, these novel targets might reveal new mechanism of resistance and can be used in diagnostics or as drug targets.
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