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Variations in Circadian Rhythmicity and Students’ Gender-Related Psychological Conditions during the COVID-19 Lockdown

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Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry and Physico-Chemistry of Materials, Hassan II University of Casablanca, Casablanca 20100, Morocco
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Multidisciplinary Laboratory in Educations Sciences and Training Engineering, Assessment in Sport Sciences and in Physical Activity Didactic, Normal Superior School (ENS), Hassan II University of Casablanca, Casablanca 20100, Morocco
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Han Reichgelt
Educ. Sci. 2021, 11(7), 355; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11070355
Received: 26 May 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 13 July 2021 / Published: 16 July 2021
In the face of the COVID-19 pandemic experienced around the world, new student lifestyles have had an impact on their daily behavior. The purpose of this study was to examine post-traumatic stress associated with the initial COVID-19 crisis in students (N = 280) with a mean age of 13 ± 1.70 and to determine the relationship between their reported daily behaviors in terms of their gender. The study was conducted primarily in Casablanca and Marrakech, the two cities most affected by the pandemic at the time of the study in Morocco in May 2020. Our sample consists of 133 high school students and 147 middle school students, 83.6% of whom are females. Students were asked to answer questions based on an Activity Biorhythm Questionnaire, the Post-Traumatic Stress Scale (Weathers et al., 1993), the Hamilton Scale (Hamilton, 1960), the Worry Domains Questionnaire (Tallis, Eyzenck, Mathews, 1992), and the Visual Analog Scale of Moods (VASM) (Stern et al., 1997). The results obtained confirm that there is a significant relationship between the circadian rhythm of some variables and gender in some activities such as academic study (p < 0.05) and TV and Internet use (p < 0.05) and was highly significant for physical activity (p = 0.001), while others are not significant in relation to other schedules of the same variables or in relation to others. Likewise, for the psychological conditions, significant relationships with mood states and depressive tendencies were confirmed. In lockdown, the students’ daily lives underwent changes in circadian rhythm and lifestyle. Therefore, it is necessary to treat their current psychological problems and avoid future complications. View Full-Text
Keywords: circadian rhythm; post-traumatic stress; lifestyle; psychological conditions circadian rhythm; post-traumatic stress; lifestyle; psychological conditions
MDPI and ACS Style

Sabaoui, I.; Lotfi, S.; Talbi, M. Variations in Circadian Rhythmicity and Students’ Gender-Related Psychological Conditions during the COVID-19 Lockdown. Educ. Sci. 2021, 11, 355. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11070355

AMA Style

Sabaoui I, Lotfi S, Talbi M. Variations in Circadian Rhythmicity and Students’ Gender-Related Psychological Conditions during the COVID-19 Lockdown. Education Sciences. 2021; 11(7):355. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11070355

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sabaoui, Ikram, Said Lotfi, and Mohammed Talbi. 2021. "Variations in Circadian Rhythmicity and Students’ Gender-Related Psychological Conditions during the COVID-19 Lockdown" Education Sciences 11, no. 7: 355. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci11070355

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