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American Indian College Student Mentoring: A Study to Measure Changes in Self-Efficacy

1
Teacher Education, College of Menominee Nation, Keshena, WI 54315, USA
2
Purdue Polytechnic Institute, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Educ. Sci. 2020, 10(2), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10020038
Received: 17 January 2020 / Revised: 6 February 2020 / Accepted: 7 February 2020 / Published: 12 February 2020
The underrepresentation of American Indian (AI) students pursuing higher education opportunities continues to persist. This study sought to measure the perceived changes in participants’ self-efficacy and confidence in navigating the college environment as a result of their participation in a mentoring program and addressed the research question “How does mentoring contribute to changes in tribal college students reported self-efficacy?” Nineteen participants who had participated in a semester-long mentoring program were given a retrospective pre- then post-program survey to measure changes in participants’ perceived confidence in navigational and informational skills related to college success. Participants reported a significantly higher level of awareness in the post-program survey than they did in the pre-program survey across all of the mentoring program goals with the exception of one goal. In addition, there were no reported differences in AI and non-AI participants’ and Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)/non-STEM responses on the five scaled variables for the mentoring survey. Providing support early on in a student’s educational career allows for the establishment of student connections with peers, support personnel, and resources that they can turn to for help in academics or setting goals. Additionally, early support provides encouragement and a sense of belief in themselves, which is critical to student success.
Keywords: American Indian; Native American; indigenous; undergraduate; STEM; self-efficacy; mentoring American Indian; Native American; indigenous; undergraduate; STEM; self-efficacy; mentoring
MDPI and ACS Style

Chelberg, K.; Bosman, L. American Indian College Student Mentoring: A Study to Measure Changes in Self-Efficacy. Educ. Sci. 2020, 10, 38.

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