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Delinquency and Default in USA Student Debt as a Proportional Response to Unemployment and Average Debt per Borrower

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NECE-UBI, CeBER and Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, 3004-512 Coimbra, Portugal
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NECE-UBI and Department of Management and Economics, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Department of Management and Economics, University of Beira Interior, 6201-001 Covilhã, Portugal
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Economies 2019, 7(4), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7040100
Received: 27 May 2019 / Revised: 13 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 1 October 2019
We research the response of the proportion of student borrowers with ninety or more days of delinquency or in default to variables such as unemployment and the average debt per borrower after the financial crisis of 2007–2008, in the United States, using panel data of 50 states from 2008 to 2015. The proportion of borrowers with delinquency or default was modelled as a function of unemployment, the average debt per borrower, consumer sentiment, and financial stress, using a logit and probit binomial model. The specification tests support that no relevant variable was omitted. Unemployment and the average debt per borrower are statistically significant and contribute to increasing delinquency or default in the 50 states of the panel sample. The results also reveal a differential impact of unemployment among the four regions considered by the US Census Bureau. View Full-Text
Keywords: student loan default; unemployment; average debt per borrower; consumer sentiment; financial stress; fractional probit; panel data student loan default; unemployment; average debt per borrower; consumer sentiment; financial stress; fractional probit; panel data
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Fuinhas, J.A.; Moutinho, V.; Silva, E. Delinquency and Default in USA Student Debt as a Proportional Response to Unemployment and Average Debt per Borrower. Economies 2019, 7, 100.

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