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Open AccessArticle

Distributional Differences and the Native American Gender Wage Gap

1
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Rochester Institute of Technology, 92 Lomb Memorial Dr, Rochester, NY 14623, USA
2
Department of Sociology & Rural Studies, South Dakota State University, Brookings, SD 57007, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Economies 2019, 7(2), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/economies7020046
Received: 1 November 2018 / Revised: 6 March 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 14 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender, Macroeconomics and Macroeconomic Polices)
We use the Theil index and data from the 2012–2016, American Community Survey 5-Year Sample to document and analyze gender wage inequality for American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) women across single, multiracial and ethnic identity groups. Mean differences in hourly wages by gender contribute little to measured wage inequality when individuals are separated based upon their proximity to tribal homeland areas. Instead, we find between-group wage inequality is a function of glass-ceiling effects that differ by AIAN identification and homeland area. Differences in glass-ceiling effects across AIAN identity groups suggest the need to disaggregate data by AIAN ethnic identity. Furthermore, under certain circumstances, it may be appropriate to combine some racial AIAN identity groups into a single population even if the focus is to study policy impacts on citizens of federally recognized AIAN nations for those using government survey data. View Full-Text
Keywords: American Indians; Alaska Natives; stratification; wage inequality; gender gap; racial inequality; Theil index; homeland; racial classification; inequality decomposition American Indians; Alaska Natives; stratification; wage inequality; gender gap; racial inequality; Theil index; homeland; racial classification; inequality decomposition
MDPI and ACS Style

Burnette, J.; Zhang, W. Distributional Differences and the Native American Gender Wage Gap. Economies 2019, 7, 46.

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  • Supplementary File 1:

    ZIP-Document (ZIP, 49 KB)

  • Externally hosted supplementary file 1
    Doi: https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0
    Description: We use data publicly available at IPUMS. It is accessible at: https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0 The file named 1_Convernt_IPUMS.do creates a STATA dataset from the downloaded IPUMS file. The file named theildeco_hrlywage_AIANonly.do cleans the data and performs the Theil decomposition. The file named 2016_acs_topcodes contains the top_codes by state and is used by the above .do file.
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