Next Article in Journal
Remittances and Household Expenditure in Nepal: Evidence from Cross-Section Data
Previous Article in Journal
Fréchet Distribution Applied to Salary Incomes in Spain from 1999 to 2014. An Engineering Approach to Changes in Salaries’ Distribution
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Economies 2017, 5(2), 15;

Sources of Economic Growth in Zambia, 1970–2013: A Growth Accounting Approach

Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
Department of Agricultural Economics, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078, USA
Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, The University of Zambia, Box 32379, Lusaka 10101, Zambia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ralf Fendel
Received: 24 February 2017 / Revised: 29 April 2017 / Accepted: 4 May 2017 / Published: 11 May 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [1806 KB, uploaded 11 May 2017]   |  


Most empirical work on sources of economic growth for different countries lack country-specific empirical evidence to guide policy choices in individual developing countries and previous studies of factor productivity tend to focus on the entire economy or a single sector. This provides fewer insights about a country’s structural evolution. Unlike previous studies, our study builds on this by taking a more comprehensive approach in estimating Zambia’s sources of economic growth by sectors—agriculture, industry, and service—in a systematic manner that yields insights into the country’s sources of structural transformation. We use recently developed growth accounting tools to explicitly determine sources of economic growth at both national and sectoral levels in Zambia between 1970 and 2013. We use data from World Development Indicators and Zambia’s Central Statistical Office. Results indicate that, on average, total factor productivity (TFP) contributes about 5.7% to economic growth. Sectoral analysis shows that agriculture contributes the least to GDP and that, within each sector, factors that contribute to growth differ. Structural transformation has been slow and contributed to the observed inefficiency. We outline the implications of the observed growth and provide recommendations. View Full-Text
Keywords: total factor productivity; growth accounting; economic growth; Zambia total factor productivity; growth accounting; economic growth; Zambia

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mulungu, K.; Ng’ombe, J.N. Sources of Economic Growth in Zambia, 1970–2013: A Growth Accounting Approach. Economies 2017, 5, 15.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Economies EISSN 2227-7099 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top