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Open AccessArticle

Annual City Festivals as Tools for Sustainable Competitiveness: The World Port Days Rotterdam

Department of Regional, Port and Transport Economics, European Institute for Comparative Urban Research (Euricur), Erasmus University Rotterdam, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Zuid-Holland, The Netherlands
Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, 30123 Venice, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Karl Kresl
Economies 2016, 4(2), 11;
Received: 10 January 2016 / Revised: 3 May 2016 / Accepted: 13 May 2016 / Published: 23 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Economy)
Many cities organize annual local festivals for the positive effects on urban development, although success is far from straightforward. This article reviews a case study of the World Port Days in Rotterdam in order to demonstrate how annual city festivals can contribute to sustainable competitiveness, despite limitations as well. We show how this maritime event—that is jointly organized by the business community, the Port Authority and the City Government—offers benefits for citizens as well as for firms. Our empirical results unveil that the business value of the event includes generation of societal support, image improvement, labor market development and networking, while the value for society refers to education, leisure and to a certain degree to social inclusion. The direct value of the event for business in terms of sales and recruitment is limited, while the long-term effects of educational function deserve further attention. Finally, we provide policy lessons that, when properly contextualized, other cities may help to use annual local festivals as tools for sustainable competitiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: city festivals; sustainable competitiveness; port-city; Rotterdam city festivals; sustainable competitiveness; port-city; Rotterdam
MDPI and ACS Style

Van Tuijl, E.; Van den Berg, L. Annual City Festivals as Tools for Sustainable Competitiveness: The World Port Days Rotterdam. Economies 2016, 4, 11.

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