Next Article in Journal
High Density Interconnect Microstrip Patch Antenna for 5G Base Stations with Integrated Filtering Performance
Next Article in Special Issue
Wearable Inertial Sensing for ICT Management of Fall Detection, Fall Prevention, and Assessment in Elderly
Previous Article in Journal
Embodied Energy Optimization of Prestressed Concrete Slab Bridge Decks
Previous Article in Special Issue
Perspective Preserving Solution for Quasi-Orthoscopic Video See-Through HMDs
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Technologies 2018, 6(2), 44;

Antepartum Fetal Monitoring through a Wearable System and a Mobile Application

Department of Electronics, Information and Bioengineering—DEIB, Politecnico di Milano, 20133 Milano, Italy
Department of Electrical, Computer and Biomedical Engineering, University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Center for Health Technologies (CHT), University of Pavia, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Integrative Neuromonitoring and Critical Care Informatics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 February 2018 / Revised: 22 April 2018 / Accepted: 24 April 2018 / Published: 26 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Technologies)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3637 KB, uploaded 3 May 2018]   |  


Prenatal monitoring of Fetal Heart Rate (FHR) is crucial for the prevention of fetal pathologies and unfavorable deliveries. However, the most commonly used Cardiotocographic exam can be performed only in hospital-like structures and requires the supervision of expert personnel. For this reason, a wearable system able to continuously monitor FHR would be a noticeable step towards a personalized and remote pregnancy care. Thanks to textile electrodes, miniaturized electronics, and smart devices like smartphones and tablets, we developed a wearable integrated system for everyday fetal monitoring during the last weeks of pregnancy. Pregnant women at home can use it without the need for any external support by clinicians. The transmission of FHR to a specialized medical center allows its remote analysis, exploiting advanced algorithms running on high-performance hardware able to obtain the best classification of the fetal condition. The system has been tested on a limited set of pregnant women whose fetal electrocardiogram recordings were acquired and classified, yielding an overall score for both accuracy and sensitivity over 90%. This novel approach can open a new perspective on the continuous monitoring of fetus development by enhancing the performance of regular examinations, making treatments really personalized, and reducing hospitalization or ambulatory visits. View Full-Text
Keywords: tele-monitoring; wearable devices; fetal heart rate; telemedicine tele-monitoring; wearable devices; fetal heart rate; telemedicine

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Signorini, M.G.; Lanzola, G.; Torti, E.; Fanelli, A.; Magenes, G. Antepartum Fetal Monitoring through a Wearable System and a Mobile Application. Technologies 2018, 6, 44.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Technologies EISSN 2227-7080 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top