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Comparing the Influence of Green Credit on Commercial Bank Profitability in China and Abroad: Empirical Test Based on a Dynamic Panel System Using GMM

by Xiaoling Song 1, Xin Deng 2,* and Ruixue Wu 3
1
Business School, Beijing Language and Culture University, Beijing 100083, China
2
School of Finance, Hunan University of Technology and Business; Post-Doctoral Research Station of Management Science and Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410205, China
3
Beijing Jingdong Shangke Information Technology Co., LTD., Beijing 100086, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Financial Stud. 2019, 7(4), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijfs7040064
Received: 19 July 2019 / Revised: 2 October 2019 / Accepted: 11 October 2019 / Published: 1 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Socially Responsible Investments)
This study establishes a dynamic panel model for 12 Chinese-listed commercial banks and seven international commercial banks. More specifically, it examines the impact of green credit on the profitability of commercial banks and the differences between China and other countries while using the generalized method of moments. The research shows that the Equatorial Principles project-financing ratio of international banks positively affects bank profitability, while the ratio of green credit for Chinese commercial banks is inversely related to their profitability. Further, a comparative study of China and other countries highlights that the green credit business is at significantly different stages in China and the rest of the world. This study also finds that the profitability of China’s banking sector is positively affected by asset size, management expense ratio, cash ratio, and GDP growth rate, in addition to the common influencing factor of non-performing loan ratio, whereas asset size and capital adequacy ratio negatively affects the international banking sector. Drawing on these empirical conclusions, this study offers suggestions for the further development of green credit in Chinese commercial banks. View Full-Text
Keywords: green credit; Equator Principles; profitability; dynamic panel data model; GMM green credit; Equator Principles; profitability; dynamic panel data model; GMM
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Song, X.; Deng, X.; Wu, R. Comparing the Influence of Green Credit on Commercial Bank Profitability in China and Abroad: Empirical Test Based on a Dynamic Panel System Using GMM. Int. J. Financial Stud. 2019, 7, 64.

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