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Open AccessArticle

Clinical Pharmacy Activities Documented (ClinPhADoc): Development, Reliability and Acceptability of a Documentation Tool for Community Pharmacists

1
Institute of Global Health of Geneva, University of Geneva, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
2
Community Pharmacy of the Center for Primary Care and Public Health (Unisanté), 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
3
Pharmaceutical Care Research Group, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
4
Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences of Western Switzerland, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2019, 7(4), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy7040162
Received: 20 September 2019 / Revised: 21 November 2019 / Accepted: 26 November 2019 / Published: 2 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community Pharmacists and Optimization of Patient Medication Use)
Documentation of community pharmacists’ clinical activities, such as the identification and management of drug-related problems (DRPs), is recommended. However, documentation is not systematic in Swiss community pharmacies, and relevant information about DRPs, such as consequences or involved partners, is frequently missing. This study aims to evaluate the interrater and test-retest reliability, appropriateness and acceptability of the Clinical Pharmacy Activities Documented (ClinPhADoc) tool. Ten community pharmacists participated in the study. Interrater reliability coefficients were computed using 24 standardized cases. One month later, test-retest reliability was assessed using 10 standardized cases. To assess the appropriateness, pharmacists were asked to document clinical activities in their own practice using ClinPhADoc. Acceptability was assessed by an online satisfaction survey. Kappa coefficients showing a moderate level of agreement (>0.40) were observed for interrater and test-retest reliability. Pharmacists were able to document 131 clinical activities. The good level of acceptability and brief documentation time (fewer than seven minutes) indicate that ClinPhADoc is well-suited to the community pharmacy setting. To optimize the tool, pharmacists proposed developing an electronic version. These results support the reliability and acceptance of the ClinPhADoc tool. View Full-Text
Keywords: community pharmacy; documentation system; drug-related problems; pharmaceutical intervention; validation community pharmacy; documentation system; drug-related problems; pharmaceutical intervention; validation
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Hamada, N.; Quintana Bárcena, P.; Maes, K.A.; Bugnon, O.; Berger, J. Clinical Pharmacy Activities Documented (ClinPhADoc): Development, Reliability and Acceptability of a Documentation Tool for Community Pharmacists. Pharmacy 2019, 7, 162.

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