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Assessment of General Public’s Knowledge and Opinions towards Antibiotic Use and Bacterial Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Urban Setting, Rufisque, Senegal

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Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, University Cheikh Anta Diop, 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
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Institute of Health and Development, University Cheikh Anta Diop, 16390 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
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Laboratory of Therapeutic and Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology, University Cheikh Anta Diop, 5005 Dakar-Fann, Senegal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Pharmacy 2018, 6(4), 103; https://doi.org/10.3390/pharmacy6040103
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 23 July 2018 / Accepted: 8 August 2018 / Published: 20 September 2018
Background: Bacterial resistance is a major public health problem worldwide. One solution to this scourge is to sensitize the general public on rational use of antibiotics. Our goal was to assess people’s knowledge and opinions about antibiotic use and bacterial resistance in an urban setting. Method: We performed a cross-sectional study. A convenience sampling was done. A questionnaire was administered to 400 persons during face-to-face interviews. Results: Most respondents thought that antibiotics are effective against colds/flu (69.8%), cough (72.3%) and sore throat (64.4%). At the same time, 42.8% stated that antibiotic therapy can be stopped as soon as the symptoms disappear. Only 8.8% and 41.8% of people knew that handwashing and vaccination prevented bacterial resistance. Globally, 7% of people had a good knowledge. Socio-demographic variables were not associated with the level of knowledge. The main sources of information were entourage and pharmacy staff. Regarding the opinions, 78.3% of surveyed participants the people thought that that people overuse antibiotics. Additionally, 28% said that they have no role to play against bacterial resistance. Conclusion: People living in an urban setting had a low knowledge about antibiotic use and bacterial resistance. There is a need to implement awareness campaigns. Further studies on population practices toward antibiotic use are necessary. View Full-Text
Keywords: knowledge; opinions; general public; antibiotic use; bacterial resistance; Rufisque; Senegal knowledge; opinions; general public; antibiotic use; bacterial resistance; Rufisque; Senegal
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Bassoum, O.; Sougou, N.M.; Diongue, M.; Lèye, M.M.M.; Mbodji, M.; Fall, D.; Seck, I.; Faye, A.; Tal-Dia, A. Assessment of General Public’s Knowledge and Opinions towards Antibiotic Use and Bacterial Resistance: A Cross-Sectional Study in an Urban Setting, Rufisque, Senegal. Pharmacy 2018, 6, 103.

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