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Predictors of Successful Reading Comprehension in Bilingual Adults: The Role of Reading Strategies and Language Proficiency

Faculty of Education, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6G 1G7, Canada
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Languages 2021, 6(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010018
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 5 January 2021 / Accepted: 24 January 2021 / Published: 28 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Language and Literacy in Bilingual Learners)
The current study investigated the type of strategies that English–French bilingual adults utilize when reading in their dominant and non-dominant languages and which of these strategies are associated with reading comprehension success. Thirty-nine participants read short texts while reporting aloud what they were thinking as they read. Following each passage, readers answered three comprehension questions. Questions either required information found directly in the text (literal question) or required a necessary inference or an elaborative inference. Readers reported more necessary and elaborative inferences and referred to more background knowledge in their dominant language than in their non-dominant language. Engaging in both text analysis strategies and meaning extraction strategies predicted reading comprehension success in both languages, with differences observed depending on the type of question posed. Results are discussed with respect to how strategy use supports the development of text representations. View Full-Text
Keywords: reading comprehension; bilingualism; reading strategies; language proficiency; question type reading comprehension; bilingualism; reading strategies; language proficiency; question type
MDPI and ACS Style

Friesen, D.C.; Frid, B. Predictors of Successful Reading Comprehension in Bilingual Adults: The Role of Reading Strategies and Language Proficiency. Languages 2021, 6, 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010018

AMA Style

Friesen DC, Frid B. Predictors of Successful Reading Comprehension in Bilingual Adults: The Role of Reading Strategies and Language Proficiency. Languages. 2021; 6(1):18. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010018

Chicago/Turabian Style

Friesen, Deanna C., and Bailey Frid. 2021. "Predictors of Successful Reading Comprehension in Bilingual Adults: The Role of Reading Strategies and Language Proficiency" Languages 6, no. 1: 18. https://doi.org/10.3390/languages6010018

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