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Aerospace 2018, 5(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/aerospace5010020

Rupture of a Cryogenic Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel Following a High-Speed Particle Impact

Civil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineering Department, Missouri University of Science & Technology, Rolla, MO 65409, USA
Received: 2 January 2018 / Revised: 8 February 2018 / Accepted: 14 February 2018 / Published: 18 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Space Debris: Impact and Remediation)
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Abstract

A primary spacecraft design consideration is the anticipation and mitigation of the possible damage that might occur in the event of an on-orbit micro-meteoroid or orbital debris (MMOD) particle impact. While considerable effort has been expended in the study of non-pressurized spacecraft components under room temperature conditions to MMOD impacts, technical and safety challenges have limited the number of tests that have been conducted on pressurized elements of such spacecraft, especially under cryogenic conditions. This paper presents the development of a data-driven equation for composite material pressure vessels under cryogenic operating conditions that differentiate between impact conditions that, given a tank wall perforation, would result in only a small hole or crack from those that would cause catastrophic tank failure. This equation would be useful to a spacecraft designer who might be able to tailor the design parameters and operating conditions of, for example, a fuel tank so that if such a tank were to be struck and perforated by the impact of an MMOD particle, then only a hole would occur and neither catastrophic spacecraft failure nor additional sizable debris would be created as a result of that impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: hypervelocity impact; cryogenic; COPV; rupture; orbital debris hypervelocity impact; cryogenic; COPV; rupture; orbital debris
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Schonberg, W.P. Rupture of a Cryogenic Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel Following a High-Speed Particle Impact. Aerospace 2018, 5, 20.

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