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Open AccessArticle

Land Use Changes in a Peri-Urban Area and Consequences on the Urban Heat Island

1
National Research Council-Institute for Bioeconomy (CNR-IBE), Via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
2
Emilia Romagna Region-Servizio Programmazione e Sviluppo locale Integrato, Viale della Fiera 8, 40127 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Climate 2019, 7(11), 133; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli7110133
Received: 17 October 2019 / Revised: 8 November 2019 / Accepted: 12 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Climate and Adaptation Tools)
The effect of urbanization on microclimatic conditions is known as “urban heat islands”. In comparison with surrounding rural areas, urban climate is characterized by higher mean temperature, especially during heat waves and during nights. This results in a higher energy requirement for air conditioning in buildings and in a greater bioclimatic discomfort for urban populations. The reasons of this phenomena are ascribable principally to the increase of solar radiation storage and to the decrease of dissipation of water by evapotranspiration in urban environment respect to rural ones. The aim of this paper is to give a quantification of the air temperature increase due to an urbanization process. This quantification is conducted by comparing surface energy balance (incoming and outcoming radiation and turbulent fluxes) in urbanized area versus rural areas. This quantitative approach will be validated using a fluidodynamic model (Envi-Met) in a case study area representative of one among the various regional models of urban area growth. In particular, the model of expansion of small towns around big cities (2003–2008 land use changes) of a plain near-urban area in the Po Valley region (Italy) was used. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban heat island; urbanization; urban surface energy balance; fluidodynamic modeling; Envi-Met urban heat island; urbanization; urban surface energy balance; fluidodynamic modeling; Envi-Met
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Nardino, M.; Laruccia, N. Land Use Changes in a Peri-Urban Area and Consequences on the Urban Heat Island. Climate 2019, 7, 133.

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