Next Article in Journal
Vulnerability of Structural Concrete to Extreme Climate Variances
Previous Article in Journal
Erratum: Norman C. Treloar. Deconstructing Global Temperature Anomalies: An Hypothesis. Climate 2017, 5, 83
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Climate 2018, 6(2), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/cli6020039

Clustering Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Tracks by the Standard Deviational Ellipse

1
Center for Spatial Information Science and Systems, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
2
Department of Geography and Geoinformation Science, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 November 2017 / Revised: 21 April 2018 / Accepted: 7 May 2018 / Published: 11 May 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [8400 KB, uploaded 15 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

The standard deviational ellipse is useful to analyze the shape and the length of a tropical cyclone (TC) track. Cyclone intensity at each six-hour position is used as the weight at that location. Only named cyclones in the Indian Ocean since 1981 are considered for this study. The K-means clustering algorithm is used to cluster Indian Ocean cyclones based on the five parameters: x-y coordinates of the mean center, variances along zonal and meridional directions, and covariance between zonal and meridional locations of the cyclone track. Four clusters are identified across the Indian Ocean; among them, only one cluster is in the North Indian Ocean (NIO) and the rest of them are in the South Indian Ocean (SIO). Other characteristics associated with each cluster, such as wind speed, lifespan, track length, track orientation, seasonality, landfall, category during landfall, total accumulated cyclone energy (ACE), and cyclone trend, are analyzed and discussed. Cyclone frequency and energy of Cluster 4 (in the NIO) have been following a linear increasing trend. Cluster 4 also has a higher number of landfall cyclones compared to other clusters. Cluster 2, located in the middle of the SIO, is characterized by the long track, high intensity, long lifespan, and high accumulated energy. Sea surface temperature (SST) and outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) associated with genesis of TCs are also examined in each cluster. Cyclone genesis is co-located with the negative OLR anomaly and the positive SST anomaly. Localized SST anomalies are associated with clusters in the SIO; however, TC geneses of Cluster 4 are associated with SSTA all over the Indian Ocean (IO). View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclone; clustering; Indian Ocean; cyclone track cyclone; clustering; Indian Ocean; cyclone track
Figures

Figure 1a

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Rahman, M.S.; Yang, R.; Di, L. Clustering Indian Ocean Tropical Cyclone Tracks by the Standard Deviational Ellipse. Climate 2018, 6, 39.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Climate EISSN 2225-1154 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top