Next Article in Journal
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis Methods in the Mobile Cloud Offloading Paradigm
Previous Article in Journal
ABORt: Acknowledgement-Based Opportunistic Routing Protocol for High Data Rate Multichannel WSNs
Open AccessArticle

Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey on Algorithms, Measurement Techniques, Applications and Challenges

by 1,2,* and 2
1
Department of Electronics and Communications Engineering, East West University, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
2
Waseda University, Tokyo 169-8050, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2017, 6(4), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/jsan6040024
Received: 11 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 24 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
Localization is an important aspect in the field of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) that has developed significant research interest among academia and research community. Wireless sensor network is formed by a large number of tiny, low energy, limited processing capability and low-cost sensors that communicate with each other in ad-hoc fashion. The task of determining physical coordinates of sensor nodes in WSNs is known as localization or positioning and is a key factor in today’s communication systems to estimate the place of origin of events. As the requirement of the positioning accuracy for different applications varies, different localization methods are used in different applications and there are several challenges in some special scenarios such as forest fire detection. In this paper, we survey different measurement techniques and strategies for range based and range free localization with an emphasis on the latter. Further, we discuss different localization-based applications, where the estimation of the location information is crucial. Finally, a comprehensive discussion of the challenges such as accuracy, cost, complexity, and scalability are given. View Full-Text
Keywords: localization; range free; survey; wireless sensor network; mobile anchor localization; range free; survey; wireless sensor network; mobile anchor
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Paul, A.K.; Sato, T. Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks: A Survey on Algorithms, Measurement Techniques, Applications and Challenges. J. Sens. Actuator Netw. 2017, 6, 24.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop