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An Updated Overview on the Regulation of Seed Germination

Centro de Biotecnología y Genómica de Plantas, (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid-Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria), Campus de Montegancedo, Pozuelo de Alarcón, 28223 Madrid, Spain
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Plants 2020, 9(6), 703; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9060703
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 22 May 2020 / Accepted: 26 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetics of Seed Germination and Growth)
The ability of a seed to germinate and establish a plant at the right time of year is of vital importance from an ecological and economical point of view. Due to the fragility of these early growth stages, their swiftness and robustness will impact later developmental stages and crop yield. These traits are modulated by a continuous interaction between the genetic makeup of the plant and the environment from seed production to germination stages. In this review, we have summarized the established knowledge on the control of seed germination from a molecular and a genetic perspective. This serves as a “backbone” to integrate the latest developments in the field. These include the link of germination to events occurring in the mother plant influenced by the environment, the impact of changes in the chromatin landscape, the discovery of new players and new insights related to well-known master regulators. Finally, results from recent studies on hormone transport, signaling, and biophysical and mechanical tissue properties are underscoring the relevance of tissue-specific regulation and the interplay of signals in this crucial developmental process. View Full-Text
Keywords: ABA/GA; hormone signaling and dynamics; transcription factors; environmental signals; seed dormancy and germination; epigenetics; post-transcriptional regulation; spatio-temporal regulation ABA/GA; hormone signaling and dynamics; transcription factors; environmental signals; seed dormancy and germination; epigenetics; post-transcriptional regulation; spatio-temporal regulation
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Carrera-Castaño, G.; Calleja-Cabrera, J.; Pernas, M.; Gómez, L.; Oñate-Sánchez, L. An Updated Overview on the Regulation of Seed Germination. Plants 2020, 9, 703.

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