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Review

Emerging Advanced Technologies to Mitigate the Impact of Climate Change in Africa

1
CSIR—Crops Research Institute, Cereals Division, Fumesua, Kumasi AK000-AK911, Ghana
2
The John Bingham Laboratory, NIAB, 93 Lawrence Weaver Road, Cambridge CB3 0LE, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2020, 9(3), 381; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9030381
Received: 18 February 2020 / Revised: 8 March 2020 / Accepted: 17 March 2020 / Published: 19 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Bioinformatics)
Agriculture remains critical to Africa’s socioeconomic development, employing 65% of the work force and contributing 32% of GDP (Gross Domestic Product). Low productivity, which characterises food production in many Africa countries, remains a major concern. Compounded by the effects of climate change and lack of technical expertise, recent reports suggest that the impacts of climate change on agriculture and food systems in African countries may have further-reaching consequences than previously anticipated. Thus, it has become imperative that African scientists and farmers adopt new technologies which facilitate their research and provide smart agricultural solutions to mitigating current and future climate change-related challenges. Advanced technologies have been developed across the globe to facilitate adaptation to climate change in the agriculture sector. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9), synthetic biology, and genomic selection, among others, constitute examples of some of these technologies. In this work, emerging advanced technologies with the potential to effectively mitigate climate change in Africa are reviewed. The authors show how these technologies can be utilised to enhance knowledge discovery for increased production in a climate change-impacted environment. We conclude that the application of these technologies could empower African scientists to explore agricultural strategies more resilient to the effects of climate change. Additionally, we conclude that support for African scientists from the international community in various forms is necessary to help Africans avoid the full undesirable effects of climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; bioinformatics; Africa; OMICS climate change; bioinformatics; Africa; OMICS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Francisco Ribeiro, P.; Camargo Rodriguez, A.V. Emerging Advanced Technologies to Mitigate the Impact of Climate Change in Africa. Plants 2020, 9, 381. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9030381

AMA Style

Francisco Ribeiro P, Camargo Rodriguez AV. Emerging Advanced Technologies to Mitigate the Impact of Climate Change in Africa. Plants. 2020; 9(3):381. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9030381

Chicago/Turabian Style

Francisco Ribeiro, Priscilla, and Anyela V. Camargo Rodriguez 2020. "Emerging Advanced Technologies to Mitigate the Impact of Climate Change in Africa" Plants 9, no. 3: 381. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants9030381

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