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Soil Physics Involvement in the Germination Ecology of Buried Weed Seeds

Department of Agriculture, Food and Environment, Via del Borghetto, 80, 56124 Pisa, Italy
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Received: 24 November 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 22 December 2018 / Published: 29 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Seed Behavior in Soil)
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Abstract

Trials were performed to test the germination ecology of buried weed seeds as a function of physical soil conditions such as of burial depth, texture, and compaction. Indeed, these ecological conditions, due to the adopted agronomic practices, play a crucial role in modulating the seed bank germination dynamics. Experiments were carried out in open fields in confined soils (polypropylene pipes), and in the laboratory in Petri dishes. Sowing depth strongly inhibited the seed germination of the three weed species selected. This inhibition was found to be inversely proportional to the size of the soil particles. Compaction strongly increased the depth-mediated inhibition, especially in soils that were rich in clay particles, and was inversely proportional to the seed size. The physiological nature of the dormancy imposed by burial was investigated. In addition, ungerminated seeds, re-exhumed after deep-sowing for six months, were found to be in deep dormancy, especially after burial in compacted clay soil. This dormancy induction was more pronounced in weed species characterized by small seeds. Critical issues are discussed regarding weed seed bank ecophysiology and their management in sustainable agricultural cropping systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: soil texture; seed bank germination; soil compaction; seeding depth soil texture; seed bank germination; soil compaction; seeding depth
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Benvenuti, S.; Mazzoncini, M. Soil Physics Involvement in the Germination Ecology of Buried Weed Seeds. Plants 2019, 8, 7.

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