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Article

First Study of Improved Nutritional Properties and Anti-Oxidant Activity in Novel Sesame Mutant Lines as Compared to Their Wild-Types

1
Research Unit of Plant Breeding and Plant Genetic Resources Conservation, Regional Agricultural Research Center of Meknes, National Institute of Agricultural Research, Avenue Ennasr, P.O. Box 415, Rabat 10090, Morocco
2
Laboratory of Bioprocess and Biointerfaces, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technics, University Moulay Slimane, P.O. Box 523, Beni-Mellal 23000, Morocco
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Corina Danciu
Plants 2022, 11(9), 1099; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091099
Received: 12 December 2021 / Revised: 18 January 2022 / Accepted: 19 January 2022 / Published: 19 April 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Phytochemistry)
Sesame seed represents a reservoir of nutritional components with many medicinal properties. With the current trend to increase both seed yield and nutritional quality, the cultivation of new high-quality sesame varieties is a necessity to improve human health and promote the economic efficiency of this crop. However, research efforts for the development of cultivars of high nutritional quality are too scarce. In this study, we evaluated the nutritional value and antioxidant activity of seeds of selected M3 sesame mutants, in comparison with their two wild-type cultivars. The measurements included ash, proteins, crude fibers, sugars, total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), total anthocyanin content (TAC), lignans and free radical scavenging activity (FRSA). The results show higher FRSA, TPC, TAC and lignans in the mutant “US2-6”, compared to the wild type “US06”. Besides this, seeds of the mutant “US1-DL” are rich in ash and sugars, while high protein and fiber contents were found in the mutants “ML2-5” and “US2-7”, respectively. This work highlights the possibility of improving the nutritional value of sesame germplasm through mutagenesis. The valuable germplasm obtained will be used in the sesame breeding program to develop cultivars with high nutritional quality and antioxidant activity, which could contribute to the prevention of diseases related to free radicals and nutritional deficiencies. View Full-Text
Keywords: sesame mutant; nutritional quality; antioxidant capacity; medicinal plant sesame mutant; nutritional quality; antioxidant capacity; medicinal plant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kouighat, M.; Nabloussi, A.; Adiba, A.; Fechtali, M.E.; Hanine, H. First Study of Improved Nutritional Properties and Anti-Oxidant Activity in Novel Sesame Mutant Lines as Compared to Their Wild-Types. Plants 2022, 11, 1099. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091099

AMA Style

Kouighat M, Nabloussi A, Adiba A, Fechtali ME, Hanine H. First Study of Improved Nutritional Properties and Anti-Oxidant Activity in Novel Sesame Mutant Lines as Compared to Their Wild-Types. Plants. 2022; 11(9):1099. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091099

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kouighat, Mohamed, Abdelghani Nabloussi, Atman Adiba, Mohamed E. Fechtali, and Hafida Hanine. 2022. "First Study of Improved Nutritional Properties and Anti-Oxidant Activity in Novel Sesame Mutant Lines as Compared to Their Wild-Types" Plants 11, no. 9: 1099. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091099

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