Next Article in Journal
By-Products of the Black Soybean Sauce Manufacturing Process as Potential Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Materials for Use as Functional Foods
Previous Article in Journal
RWLMod—Potential Model to Study Plant Tolerance in Drought Stress Conditions
Article

Grey and Black Anti-Hail Nets Ameliorated Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh. cv. Golden Delicious) Physiology under Mediterranean Climate

1
CITAB—Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Quinta dos Prados, 5000-801 Vila Real, Portugal
2
CIMO—Centro de Investigação de Montanha, Instituto Politécnico de Bragança, 5300-252 Bragança, Portugal
3
MORE—Collaborative Laboratory Mountains of Research, Brigantia Ecopark, 5300-358 Bragança, Portugal
4
Association BLC3—Technology and Innovation Campus, Centre Bio R&D Unit, Rua Comendador Emílio Augusto Pires, 14, Edifício SIDE UP, 5340-257 Macedo de Cavaleiros, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Pirjo Mäkelä, Mercè Llugany, Peter A. Roussos and Mumtaz Cheema
Plants 2021, 10(12), 2578; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122578
Received: 16 October 2021 / Revised: 21 November 2021 / Accepted: 22 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
The use of anti-hail nets on orchards changes the microclimate underneath the net. This might be of great importance in apple growing regions characterized by high radiation levels and hot and dry climates during the summer season. But, depending on the net colour and on the local climatic conditions, the shade promoted triggers different responses by the trees. Grey and black anti-hail nets were applied in an apple orchard (cv. ‘Golden Delicious’) located in Northeast Portugal. Under the nets a lower concentration of glomalin related-soil proteins was observed, along with an improvement on trees water status, stomatal conductance, net photosynthetic rate, total chlorophylls, N, Mg, Fe and Cu concentrations, as well as an increase in mean fruit weight. The major difference between nets was on the photosynthetic efficiency, being higher on black net in sunny days, while grey net performed better under cloudy conditions. The use of netting systems proved to be effective in improving “Golden Delicious” apple trees performance under a Mediterranean climate, mainly when the radiation reaching the plants surpass the tree saturation point for photosynthesis. Therefore, these findings anticipate solutions for current and forecasted negative effects of climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: glomalin-related soil proteins; photosynthesis; water relations; foliar metabolites; minerals; yield glomalin-related soil proteins; photosynthesis; water relations; foliar metabolites; minerals; yield
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Brito, C.; Rodrigues, M.Â.; Pinto, L.; Gonçalves, A.; Silva, E.; Martins, S.; Rocha, L.; Pavia, I.; Arrobas, M.; Ribeiro, A.C.; Moutinho-Pereira, J.; Correia, C.M. Grey and Black Anti-Hail Nets Ameliorated Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh. cv. Golden Delicious) Physiology under Mediterranean Climate. Plants 2021, 10, 2578. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122578

AMA Style

Brito C, Rodrigues MÂ, Pinto L, Gonçalves A, Silva E, Martins S, Rocha L, Pavia I, Arrobas M, Ribeiro AC, Moutinho-Pereira J, Correia CM. Grey and Black Anti-Hail Nets Ameliorated Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh. cv. Golden Delicious) Physiology under Mediterranean Climate. Plants. 2021; 10(12):2578. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122578

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brito, Cátia, Manuel Â. Rodrigues, Luís Pinto, Alexandre Gonçalves, Ermelinda Silva, Sandra Martins, Luis Rocha, Ivo Pavia, Margarida Arrobas, António C. Ribeiro, José Moutinho-Pereira, and Carlos M. Correia 2021. "Grey and Black Anti-Hail Nets Ameliorated Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh. cv. Golden Delicious) Physiology under Mediterranean Climate" Plants 10, no. 12: 2578. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10122578

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop