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Review

The Role of Polyphenols in Abiotic Stress Response: The Influence of Molecular Structure

1
Ruđer Bošković Institute, Bijenička cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Zmaja od Bosne 33–35, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
3
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, Horvatovac 102a, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Plants 2021, 10(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010118
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 29 December 2020 / Accepted: 5 January 2021 / Published: 8 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Polyphenols—from Plants to Human Health)
Abiotic stressors such as extreme temperatures, drought, flood, light, salt, and heavy metals alter biological diversity and crop production worldwide. Therefore, it is important to know the mechanisms by which plants cope with stress conditions. Polyphenols, which are the largest group of plant-specialized metabolites, are generally recognized as molecules involved in stress protection in plants. This diverse group of metabolites contains various structures, from simple forms consisting of one aromatic ring to more complex ones consisting of large number of polymerized molecules. Consequently, all these molecules, depending on their structure, may show different roles in plant growth, development, and stress protection. In the present review, we aimed to summarize data on how different polyphenol structures influence their biological activity and their roles in abiotic stress responses. We focused our review on phenolic acids, flavonoids, stilbenoids, and lignans. View Full-Text
Keywords: abiotic stress; polyphenols; phenolic acids; flavonoids; stilbenoids; lignans abiotic stress; polyphenols; phenolic acids; flavonoids; stilbenoids; lignans
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šamec, D.; Karalija, E.; Šola, I.; Vujčić Bok, V.; Salopek-Sondi, B. The Role of Polyphenols in Abiotic Stress Response: The Influence of Molecular Structure. Plants 2021, 10, 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010118

AMA Style

Šamec D, Karalija E, Šola I, Vujčić Bok V, Salopek-Sondi B. The Role of Polyphenols in Abiotic Stress Response: The Influence of Molecular Structure. Plants. 2021; 10(1):118. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010118

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šamec, Dunja, Erna Karalija, Ivana Šola, Valerija Vujčić Bok, and Branka Salopek-Sondi. 2021. "The Role of Polyphenols in Abiotic Stress Response: The Influence of Molecular Structure" Plants 10, no. 1: 118. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10010118

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