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Robotics 2019, 8(1), 23;

A Robotic Head Stabilization Device for Medical Transport

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 February 2019 / Revised: 12 March 2019 / Accepted: 18 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
PDF [4256 KB, uploaded 25 March 2019]


In this paper, the design and control of a robotic device intended to stabilize the head and neck of a trauma patient during transport are presented. When transporting a patient who has suffered a traumatic head injury, the first action performed by paramedics is typically to restrain and stabilize the head and cervical spine of a patient. The proposed device would drastically reduce the time required to perform this action while also freeing a first responder to perform other possibly lifesaving actions. The applications for robotic casualty extraction are additionally explored. The design and construction are described, followed by control simulations demonstrating the improved behavior of the chosen controller paradigm, linear active disturbance rejection control (LADRC). Finally, experimental validation is presented, followed by future work and directions for the research. View Full-Text
Keywords: rescue robot; robotic systems; mechatronics design; head stabilization rescue robot; robotic systems; mechatronics design; head stabilization

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Williams, A.; Sebastian, B.; Ben-Tzvi, P. A Robotic Head Stabilization Device for Medical Transport. Robotics 2019, 8, 23.

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