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Experiments with Highly-Ionized Atoms in Unitary Penning Traps

National Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST), 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA
Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA
Chemical Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Joint Quantum Institute, College Park, MD 20742, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Elmar Träbert
Atoms 2015, 3(3), 367-391;
Received: 30 May 2015 / Revised: 5 August 2015 / Accepted: 5 August 2015 / Published: 14 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perspectives of Atomic Physics with Trapped Highly Charged Ions)
Highly-ionized atoms with special properties have been proposed for interesting applications, including potential candidates for a new generation of optical atomic clocks at the one part in 1019 level of precision, quantum information processing and tests of fundamental theory. The proposed atomic systems are largely unexplored. Recent developments at NIST are described, including the isolation of highly-ionized atoms at low energy in unitary Penning traps and the use of these traps for the precise measurement of radiative decay lifetimes (demonstrated with a forbidden transition in Kr17+), as well as for studying electron capture processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: highly-ionized atoms; atomic clocks; Rydberg states; ion traps highly-ionized atoms; atomic clocks; Rydberg states; ion traps
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Hoogerheide, S.F.; Naing, A.S.; Dreiling, J.M.; Brewer, S.M.; Guise, N.D.; Tan, J.N. Experiments with Highly-Ionized Atoms in Unitary Penning Traps. Atoms 2015, 3, 367-391.

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