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Influence of Cosmic Repulsion and Magnetic Fields on Accretion Disks Rotating around Kerr Black Holes

Research Centre for Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Institute of Physics, Silesian University in Opava, Bezručovo nám.13, CZ-74601 Opava, Czech Republic
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Universe 2020, 6(2), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020026
Received: 14 December 2019 / Revised: 15 January 2020 / Accepted: 20 January 2020 / Published: 29 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rotation Effects in Relativity)
We present a review of the influence of cosmic repulsion and external magnetic fields on accretion disks rotating around rotating black holes and on jets associated with these rotating configurations. We consider both geometrically thin and thick disks. We show that the vacuum energy represented by the relic cosmological constant strongly limits extension of the accretion disks that is for supermassive black holes comparable to extension of largest galaxies, and supports collimation of jets at large distances from the black hole. We further demonstrate that an external magnetic field crucially influences the fate of ionized Keplerian disks causing creation of winds and jets, enabling simultaneously acceleration of ultra-high energy particles with energy up to 10 21 eV around supermassive black holes with M 10 10 M surrounded by sufficiently strong magnetic field with B 10 4 G. We also show that the external magnetic fields enable existence of “levitating” off-equatorial clouds or tori, along with the standard equatorial toroidal structures, if these carry a non-vanishing, appropriately distributed electric charge. View Full-Text
Keywords: rotating black hole; accretion disks and tori; vacuum energy an magnetic field; ultra-high energy particles rotating black hole; accretion disks and tori; vacuum energy an magnetic field; ultra-high energy particles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Stuchlík, Z.; Kološ, M.; Kovář, J.; Slaný, P.; Tursunov, A. Influence of Cosmic Repulsion and Magnetic Fields on Accretion Disks Rotating around Kerr Black Holes. Universe 2020, 6, 26. https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020026

AMA Style

Stuchlík Z, Kološ M, Kovář J, Slaný P, Tursunov A. Influence of Cosmic Repulsion and Magnetic Fields on Accretion Disks Rotating around Kerr Black Holes. Universe. 2020; 6(2):26. https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Stuchlík, Zdeněk; Kološ, Martin; Kovář, Jiří; Slaný, Petr; Tursunov, Arman. 2020. "Influence of Cosmic Repulsion and Magnetic Fields on Accretion Disks Rotating around Kerr Black Holes" Universe 6, no. 2: 26. https://doi.org/10.3390/universe6020026

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