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Open AccessArticle

Primordial Regular Black Holes: Thermodynamics and Dark Matter

Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur, Laboratoire Lagrange, 06304 Nice CEDEX, France
Universe 2018, 4(5), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/universe4050062
Received: 2 March 2018 / Revised: 2 May 2018 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Black Hole Thermodynamics)
The possibility that dark matter particles could be constituted by extreme regular primordial black holes is discussed. Extreme black holes have zero surface temperature, and are not subjected to the Hawking evaporation process. Assuming that the common horizon radius of these black holes is fixed by the minimum distance that is derived from the Riemann invariant computed from loop quantum gravity, the masses of these non-singular stable black holes are of the order of the Planck mass. However, if they are formed just after inflation, during reheating, their initial masses are about six orders of magnitude higher. After a short period of growth by the accretion of relativistic matter, they evaporate until reaching the extreme solution. Only a fraction of 3.8 × 10−22 of relativistic matter is required to be converted into primordial black holes (PBHs) in order to explain the present abundance of dark matter particles. View Full-Text
Keywords: regular black holes; thermodynamics of black holes; dark matter regular black holes; thermodynamics of black holes; dark matter
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Pacheco, J.A.F. Primordial Regular Black Holes: Thermodynamics and Dark Matter. Universe 2018, 4, 62.

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