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Universe 2016, 2(1), 6;

The Scales of Gravitational Lensing

1,2,*,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,†, 1,2,† and 1,2,†
Department of Mathematics and Physics “Ennio De Giorgi”, University of Salento, CP 193, I-73100 Lecce, Italy
INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare), Sezione di Lecce CP-193, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Lorenzo Iorio
Received: 5 January 2016 / Revised: 19 February 2016 / Accepted: 7 March 2016 / Published: 14 March 2016
PDF [4104 KB, uploaded 14 March 2016]


After exactly a century since the formulation of the general theory of relativity, the phenomenon of gravitational lensing is still an extremely powerful method for investigating in astrophysics and cosmology. Indeed, it is adopted to study the distribution of the stellar component in the Milky Way, to study dark matter and dark energy on very large scales and even to discover exoplanets. Moreover, thanks to technological developments, it will allow the measure of the physical parameters (mass, angular momentum and electric charge) of supermassive black holes in the center of ours and nearby galaxies. View Full-Text
Keywords: gravitational lensing gravitational lensing

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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De Paolis, F.; Giordano, M.; Ingrosso, G.; Manni, L.; Nucita, A.; Strafella, F. The Scales of Gravitational Lensing. Universe 2016, 2, 6.

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