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Open AccessArticle

Fabrication of Anti-HSV-1 Curcumin Stabilized Nanostructured Proniosomal Gel: Molecular Docking Studies on Thymidine Kinase Proteins

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Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, October 6 University, Giza 12585, Egypt
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Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, October 6 University, Giza 12585, Egypt
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sci. Pharm. 2020, 88(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/scipharm88010009 (registering DOI)
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 12 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 20 February 2020
Curcumin is a dietary compound with accrued evidence of antiviral activity. Poor solubility and permeation renders curcumin a good applicant for incorporation into proniosomes. The intent of this study was to formulate curcumin proniosomal gel for topical application and the evaluation of its in-vitro, ex-vivo activities against Herpes Simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), as well as molecular docking studies on HSV-1 thymidine kinase proteins. Coacervation phase separation tactic, using 23 full factorial design, was used in the preparation of different proniosomes. Cytotoxicity of the selected formulae (F4 and F8) was evaluated on the Vero cell line. Optimal formulae (F4 and F8) showed entrapment efficiency of 97.15 ± 2.47% and 95.85 ± 2.9%, vesicle size of 173.7 ± 2.26 nm and 206.15 ± 4.17 nm and percentages curcumin released after 3 h of 51.9 ± 1.4% and 50.5 ± 1.1%, respectively. Ex-vivo permeation studies demonstrated that the optimal formulae markedly improved the dermal curcumin delivery. Curcumin proniosomal gel formulae exhibited 85.4% reduction of HSV-1 replication. The ability of curcumin to interact with the key amino acids in the enzyme binding sites of 1KI7, 1KI4, and 1E2P, as indicated by its docking pattern, rationalized its observed activity. Therefore, curcumin proniosomes could be considered as a successful topical delivery system for the treatment of HSV-1. View Full-Text
Keywords: curcumin proniosomal gel; coacervation phase separation; anti-HSV-1; molecular docking; topical delivery system curcumin proniosomal gel; coacervation phase separation; anti-HSV-1; molecular docking; topical delivery system
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MDPI and ACS Style

El-Halim, S.M.A.; Mamdouh, M.A.; El-Haddad, A.E.; Soliman, S.M. Fabrication of Anti-HSV-1 Curcumin Stabilized Nanostructured Proniosomal Gel: Molecular Docking Studies on Thymidine Kinase Proteins. Sci. Pharm. 2020, 88, 9.

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