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Open AccessArticle

Comparing National Innovation System among the USA, Japan, and Finland to Improve Korean Deliberation Organization for National Science and Technology Policy

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Department of Industrial and Management Engineering, Inje University, Gimhae 50834, Korea
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Division of Data Analysis, R&D Investment Analysis Center, Seoul 08826, Korea
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Nuclear Safety and Security Commission, Seoul 03154, Korea
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Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering/ERI, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 52828, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5(4), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/joitmc5040082
Received: 7 August 2019 / Revised: 20 September 2019 / Accepted: 1 October 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Technology Driven Innovation, Research Management and Policy Making)
As the Korean government expands the budget for national research and development, the need for an institute that deliberates, coordinates, and operates research development and its budget has increased. In response to these demands, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) was recently established. However, to achieve a creative economy, which is the economic system where value is based on novel imaginative qualities rather than the traditional resources of land, labor, and capital, more efficiently, fundamental research regarding the current state of the Korean national administration system of science and technology in Korea is required. Accordingly, this study first analyzes the function and organizational structure of the NSTC in Korea. Second, it investigates the current state of the NSTC in other countries. Finally, the study derives several implications for improving NSTC operation based on the benchmarking study and suggests an operational improvement plan for NSTC with respect to enhancement of function, operation of organization, human resource management, and improvement of the relationships between other departments. The study contributes to analyze the current state of the NSTC in Korea and science and technology (S&T) Councils in other major countries, systematically and in detail. In addition, based on benchmarking study, this study derived operational improvement of NSTC in Korea with four perspectives, including enhancement of function, operation of organization, human resource management, and improvement of the relationships between other departments. View Full-Text
Keywords: national innovation system; deliberation organization; national science and technology council; science and technology policy; Korean deliberation organization national innovation system; deliberation organization; national science and technology council; science and technology policy; Korean deliberation organization
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Kang, D.; Jang, W.; Kim, Y.; Jeon, J. Comparing National Innovation System among the USA, Japan, and Finland to Improve Korean Deliberation Organization for National Science and Technology Policy. J. Open Innov. Technol. Mark. Complex. 2019, 5, 82.

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