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The Prevalence and Correlation of Carotid Artery Calcifications and Dental Pulp Stones in a Saudi Arabian Population

1
Resident Dentist, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Jordan, Amman 11942, Jordan
3
Department Maxillofacial Surgery and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Qassim University, Al-Mulaydah, Qassim 51452, Saudi Arabia
4
Department of Prosthodontics, College of dentistry, Qassim University, Al-Mulaydah, Qassim 51452, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Diseases 2019, 7(3), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/diseases7030050
Received: 29 June 2019 / Accepted: 9 July 2019 / Published: 15 July 2019
Background: This study sought to determine the prevalence of carotid artery calcifications (CACs) and pulp stones detected on panoramic radiographs (PRs) and ascertain their correlation. Methods: A total of 2013 digital PRs were retrospectively retrieved and thoroughly examined to determine the prevalence of CACs and pulp stones, their correlation with patient age and gender, and the relationship between the presence of pulps stones and radiographically detectable CACs. Results: The prevalence of CACs on PRs was 2.0%; the prevalence of pulp stones was 4.6%. There was no statistical relationship between pulp stones and CACs (p = 0.714). Older patients exhibited a significantly higher prevalence of CACs than younger patients (p < 0.001); pulp stones were statistically more prevalent in younger patients than older patients (p = 0.001). There were no significant differences between male and females in terms of the prevalence of either CACs or pulp stones (p = 0.087 and p = 0.278, respectively). Conclusions: Dentists should be trained to detect CACs on PRs belonging to patients older than 40 to exclude the presence of CACs. Moreover, pulp stones do not function as a diagnostic marker for CACs. View Full-Text
Keywords: atherosclerosis; cardiovascular diseases; carotid arteries; dental pulp calcification; radiography atherosclerosis; cardiovascular diseases; carotid arteries; dental pulp calcification; radiography
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Alsweed, A.; Farah, R.; PS, S.; Farah, R. The Prevalence and Correlation of Carotid Artery Calcifications and Dental Pulp Stones in a Saudi Arabian Population. Diseases 2019, 7, 50.

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