Biomedical research pertaining to pathologies observed in adolescents can involve areas where patients can expect no immediate benefits. Here, Congress stipulates that local review boards are restricted to approving procedures posing no greater than minimal risk (45 CFR 46.404). An evaluation of risk embraces the current state of the art with regard to the safety and efficacy of procedures. A tendency of biomedical scholars to cite highly cited documents can introduce a bias in an argumentation in favor or against a given recommendation in the context that bias in citations can be correlated with an imprudent use of funds for research. We use choice examples to highlight the necessity of approaching any scholarly task with an independent mind.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited