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Open AccessArticle

Optimization of Public Transport Services to Minimize Passengers’ Waiting Times and Maximize Vehicles’ Occupancy Ratios

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Department of Software Engineering, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology Osijek, J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Department of Computer Engineering and Automation, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Information Technology Osijek, J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
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Transportation Research Institute, Technion—Israel Institute of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Haifa 32000, Israel
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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
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School of Traffic and Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2020, 9(2), 360; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9020360
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 14 February 2020 / Published: 20 February 2020
Determining the best timetable for vehicles in a public transportation (PT) network is a complex problem, especially because it is just necessary to consider the requirements and satisfaction of passengers as the requirements of transportation companies. In this paper, a model of the PT timetabling problem which takes into consideration the passenger waiting time (PWT) at a station and the vehicle occupancy ratio (VOR) is proposed. The solution aims to minimize PWT and maximize VOR. Due to the large search space of the problem, we use a multiobjective particle swarm optimization (MOPSO) algorithm to arrive at the solution of the problem. The results of the proposed method are compared with similar results from the existing literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: optimization models; timetable; passenger waiting time; vehicle occupancy ratio optimization models; timetable; passenger waiting time; vehicle occupancy ratio
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hartmann Tolić, I.; Nyarko, E.K.; Ceder, A.A. Optimization of Public Transport Services to Minimize Passengers’ Waiting Times and Maximize Vehicles’ Occupancy Ratios. Electronics 2020, 9, 360.

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