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Electronics 2018, 7(3), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7030032

Performance Comparison of Geobroadcast Strategies for Winding Roads

1
Artificial Intelligence Department, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería de Sistemas Informáticos (ETSISI), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28031 Madrid, Spain
2
University Institute for Automobile Research (INSIA), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Campus Sur UPM, Carretera de Valencia km.7, 28031 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 December 2017 / Revised: 22 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 3 March 2018
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Abstract

Vehicle-to-X (V2X) communications allow real-time information sharing between vehicles and Roadside Units (RSUs). These kinds of technologies allow for the improvement of road safety and can be used in combination with other systems. Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) are an example and can be used along with V2X communications to improve performance and enable Cooperative Systems. A key element of vehicular communications is that the information transmitted through the network is always linked to a GPS position related to origin and destination (GeoNetworking protocol) in order to adjust the data broadcast to the dynamic road environment needs. In this paper, we present the implementation and development of Institute for Automobile Research (INSIA) V2X communication modules that follow the European vehicular networking standards in a close curve in a winding road where poor visibility causes a risk to the safety of road users. The technology chosen to support these communications is ETSI ITS-G5, which has the capability to enable specific services that support GeoNetworking protocols, specifically the Geobroadcast (GBC) algorithm. These functionalities have been implemented and validated in a real environment in order to demonstrate the performance of the communication devices in real V2V (Vehicle-to-Vehicle) and V2I (Vehicle-to-Infrastructure) situations. GBC messages are also compared with two different configurations of emission area. A comparison with/without RSU modules in critical areas of the road with previous knowledge of the road cartography has also been made. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vehicle-to-X communications; Intelligent Transport Systems; VANET; DSRC; Geobroadcast Vehicle-to-X communications; Intelligent Transport Systems; VANET; DSRC; Geobroadcast
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Talavera, E.; Anaya, J.J.; Gómez, O.; Jiménez, F.; Naranjo, J.E. Performance Comparison of Geobroadcast Strategies for Winding Roads. Electronics 2018, 7, 32.

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