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Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Nanoribbons: Potentials for Nanoscale Electrical Interconnects

ETC srl, Bologna 40129, Italy
Physics Department, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Electronics 2013, 2(3), 280-314;
Received: 22 May 2013 / Revised: 8 August 2013 / Accepted: 14 August 2013 / Published: 28 August 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbon Nanoelectronics)
PDF [9730 KB, uploaded 28 August 2013]


Carbon allotropes have generated much interest among different scientific communities due to their peculiar properties and potential applications in a variety of fields. Carbon nanotubes and more recently graphene have shown very interesting electrical properties along with the possibility of being grown and/or deposited at a desired location. In this Review, we will focus our attention on carbon-based nanostructures (in particular, carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons) which could play an important role in the technological quest to replace copper/low-k for interconnect applications. We will provide the reader with a number of possible architectures, including single-wall as well as multi-wall carbon nanotubes, arranged in horizontal and vertical arrays, regarded as individual objects as well as bundles. Modification of their functional properties in order to fulfill interconnect applications requirements are also presented. Then, in the second part of the Review, recently discovered graphene and in particular graphene and few-graphene layers nanoribbons are introduced. Different architectures involving nanostructured carbon are presented and discussed in light of interconnect application in terms of length, chirality, edge configuration and more. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon nanotubes; graphene nanoribbons; nanoscale interconnects carbon nanotubes; graphene nanoribbons; nanoscale interconnects

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Soldano, C.; Talapatra, S.; Kar, S. Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Nanoribbons: Potentials for Nanoscale Electrical Interconnects. Electronics 2013, 2, 280-314.

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