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Article

Dynamic Frequency Support for Low Inertia Power Systems by Renewable Energy Hubs with Fast Active Power Regulation

1
Department of Electrical Sustainable Energy, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands
2
TenneT TSO B.V., 6812 AR Arnhem, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ali Mehrizi-Sani
Electronics 2021, 10(14), 1651; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10141651
Received: 26 April 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 9 July 2021 / Published: 11 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Real-Time Applications for Power-Systems)
This paper concerns the feasibility of Fast Active Power Regulation (FAPR) in renewable energy hubs. Selected state-of-the-art FAPR strategies are applied to various controllable devices within a hub, such as a solar photovoltaic (PV) farm and an electrolyzer acting as a responsive load. Among the selected strategies are droop-based FAPR, droop derivative-based FAPR, and virtual synchronous power (VSP)-based FAPR. The FAPR-supported hub is interconnected with a test transmission network, modeled and simulated in a real-time simulation electromagnetic transient (EMT) environment to study a futuristic operating condition of the high-voltage infrastructure covering the north of the Netherlands. The real-time EMT simulations show that the FAPR strategies (especially the VSP-based FAPR) can successfully help to significantly and promptly limit undesirable large instantaneous frequency deviations. View Full-Text
Keywords: fast active power regulation; fast frequency control; renewable power generation; electrolyzers; renewable energy hubs fast active power regulation; fast frequency control; renewable power generation; electrolyzers; renewable energy hubs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rueda Torres, J.; Kumar, N.V.; Rakhshani, E.; Ahmad, Z.; Adabi, E.; Palensky, P.; van der Meijden, M. Dynamic Frequency Support for Low Inertia Power Systems by Renewable Energy Hubs with Fast Active Power Regulation. Electronics 2021, 10, 1651. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10141651

AMA Style

Rueda Torres J, Kumar NV, Rakhshani E, Ahmad Z, Adabi E, Palensky P, van der Meijden M. Dynamic Frequency Support for Low Inertia Power Systems by Renewable Energy Hubs with Fast Active Power Regulation. Electronics. 2021; 10(14):1651. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10141651

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rueda Torres, Jose, Nidarshan Veera Kumar, Elyas Rakhshani, Zameer Ahmad, Ebrahim Adabi, Peter Palensky, and Mart van der Meijden. 2021. "Dynamic Frequency Support for Low Inertia Power Systems by Renewable Energy Hubs with Fast Active Power Regulation" Electronics 10, no. 14: 1651. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10141651

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