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Water, Livelihoods, and Migration in SIDS: Climate Change and Future Prospects for Carriacou, West Indies

AKWATIX Water Resources Management, Ashford Plantation, St John, Barbados
Centre for Resource Management and Environmental Studies, University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Bridgetown, St Michael, Barbados
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Resources 2019, 8(4), 174;
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 28 October 2019 / Accepted: 30 October 2019 / Published: 15 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coping with Water Scarcity in Agriculture)
Caribbean Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are among the most vulnerable to climate change, which will have a disproportionate impact on local environments and economies. Whilst there is a growing literature on how Caribbean SIDS can adapt to become more resilient, an issue that has received little attention is with regard to migration as an unplanned response. It is recognised that events such as hurricanes and flooding can lead to internal relocation in the short term, but societal responses to droughts through migration have not generally been investigated. This paper seeks to address this by considering the case of the island of Carriacou, part of the state of Grenada. Carriacou, with its small population, limited land area, and local economy historically based on agriculture, has had a high degree of migration. This is in part a response to limited economic opportunities. Environmental stress, manifest through limited water availability, inappropriate land management, and social conditions, is likely to be exacerbated by climate change and variability. Resultant increases in the frequency and intensity of droughts, in the absence of proactive interventions, are likely to result in non-linear migration, both to Grenada itself and beyond. View Full-Text
Keywords: water; agriculture; migration; Caribbean SIDS; climate change water; agriculture; migration; Caribbean SIDS; climate change
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Cashman, A.; Yawson, D. Water, Livelihoods, and Migration in SIDS: Climate Change and Future Prospects for Carriacou, West Indies. Resources 2019, 8, 174.

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